Bridge bidding 1
Bridge is a
- The object of the game is to
score points, by making a contract, scoring bonuses, or defeating an
- We need a method of assessing
the bidding value of a hand. The most widely used is assigning a value to
an ace = 4, king = 3, queen = 2 and jack =1 (these are also referred to as
points). A pack therefore has 40 pts, a suit 10pts. An AVERAGE hand also
- A long suit has more trick
taking potential; than a short suit, if it is the trump suit.
- To OPEN the bidding we need
more than an average hand. 12-15pts is a normal opening hand 16-20 a good
opening hand, and 21+ a very, very good opening hand.
- To open in a suit we need at
least 4 cards in the suit, the longer the better.
- If you open with a suit, ALWAYS
choose the longest suit, not the strongest.
- Hands with no long suit are
said to be BALANCED, and are often opened
1No trump (1NT)
- Both sides compete for the
contract. The opener’s partner is called the responder.
- The responder is expected to
bid (respond) with 6 pts or more. To bid a new suit, then a minimum of 4
cards in that suit are required. A response of 1NT can be made on 6-9 pts.
- Opener or responder can bid as
many suits as he/she wishes, provided each suit has at least 4 cards in it.
- If you bid the same suit as
opener/ responder, that is called RAISING or supporting.
If you choose between partner’s
suits that is called giving PREFERENCE
- Missing out a level of bidding
is called JUMPING. There is no requirement in bridge to start bidding at
the 1 level if you have a very strong hand. Any player can
jump any number of bidding
levels. However it is normal to start at the 1 level and
go on to the 2 level. Etc
- ♣s and ♦s are
called MINOR suits. ♥s and ♠s are called MAJOR suits. This is
because when score a contract made, minor suits score only 20 pts per
trick, majors score 30 pts per trick Major suit contracts are more popular
than minor suit contracts. Do not confuse points scored for making a
contract etc, with hand points used to assess the value of your hand!!
- You may bid the same suit twice
or more. Called a RE-BID. You need at least 5 cards in that suit to re-bid
it, unless partner has supported that suit by raising it. A jump re-bid in
a suit normally shows at least 6 cards in the suit. Any player can jump in
no-trumps as well as jumping in a suit.
- Opener can raise responder’s
suit, and responder can raise opener’s suit
- A set of ‘rules’, agreed between you and
partner to aid how you bid is called a SYSTEM. A bid with a special
meaning is called a CONVENTION. The can be NO SECRET understandings
between you and partner. You may ASK the meaning of any bid when it is
your turn to bid, provided you may intend to bid.
- The basic System used in England is
called ACOL. The Americans and others use different systems.
- The U3A plays RUBBER bridge where each hand is dealt,
played and re-dealt. The scores build up until a ‘game’ or later ‘rubber’
is reached. DUPLICATE bridge is played by clubs when each hand is passed
to the next table etc to be played several times.